Geoengineering: The Good, The Bad & The Ugly
We were supposed to start to bring our emissions down globally at least two decades ago, but instead they have increased. Even though many groups like the Club of Rome are now calling for significant reduction of emissions by the 2020’s, it’s hard to imagine it happening by any stretch.

Direct Air Capture

This technology is still in early stages of development. Commercial applications include: enhanced oil recovery, production of carbon-neutral synthetic fuel and plastics, as well as beverage carbonation.

Desertification/Land Use

The UN Convention to Combat Desertification defines desertification as land degradation, which is the “reduction or loss in arid, semi‐arid, and dry sub‐humid areas, of the biological or economic productivity and complexity of rain‐fed cropland, irrigated cropland, or range, pasture, forest, and woodlands resulting.

Smart Cities

Sustainability is the process of maintaining change in a balanced environment, in which the exploitation of resources, the direction of investments, the orientation of technological development and institutional change are all in harmony and enhance both current and future potential to meet human needs and aspirations.